THE FOREIGN SERVICE JOURNAL
one of our best sources of global influ-
ence.”The funding will also help move
toward the target of reaching half a billion
people globally by 2022. The BBC cur-
rently reaches 308 million people in 29
Most of the expansion will be con-
centrated in the Middle East, Africa and
Russian-speaking countries. Already in the
works are: radio service to North Korea;
commencement of the use of both Yoruba
and Pidgin in service in Nigeria and West
Africa; service in Ethiopia and Eritrea; and
increased service in Somalia, Thailand
fter a six-month period of limbo at
the U.S. Agency for International
Development, Gayle Smith, a well-known
leader in development policy, was con-
firmed by the Senate on Nov. 30 as the
new Administrator. The vote was 79 to 7.
Smith was originally nominated on
April 30, but Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) led
a move to delay her confirmation. The
holdup was based on Republican opposi-
tion to the administration’s efforts to
secure a nuclear deal with Iran and fears
about potential changes to the Helms
amendment (which currently blocks the
use of foreign aid for abortion services
overseas), as well as Smith’s own position
on the amendment.
Secretary of State John Kerry has called
Smith, “instrumental in driving such key
initiatives as Power Africa, Feed the Future
and the U.N. 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
In the first two decades of her career,
Smith worked as a freelance journalist
in Ethiopia, Sudan and Kenya, and has
served as a consultant for more than a
dozen nongovernmental organizations.
She won the 1989 World Journalism
Award from the World Affairs Council,
the 1991 World Hunger Year Award and
the National Security Council’s Samuel
Nelson Drew Award for Distinguished
Contribution in Pursuit of Global Peace.
She was a senior fellow at the Center
for American Progress and is a co-founder
of both the Enough Project to end
genocide and the Modernizing Foreign
During the Clinton presidency, Smith
served as special assistant to the presi-
dent, senior director for African affairs at
the National Security Council and chief of
staff at USAID.
During the Obama presidency, she has
served as special assistant to the president
and senior director at the NSC, cover-
ing development, democratization and
humanitarian assistance issues.
A new inspector general for USAID was
also confirmed on Nov. 30. Ann Calvaresi
Barr served as deputy inspector general
at the Department of Transportation
from 2010 to the present. Further, Linda
Etin was confirmed as USAID’s assistant
administrator for Africa on Dec. 7.
State’s New U.S.
Study Abroad Office
hough study abroad has increased
markedly around the world in recent
years, American students trail their
international counterparts dramatically in
what the Institute for International Educa-
tion considers “a key component of a 21st
During the 2013-2014 school year,
more than four times as many foreign-
ers came to study in the United States as
Americans studied abroad, according toOpen Doors 2014
an annual report issued
jointly by IIE and the State Department.
At the current rate of growth in Ameri-
cans studying abroad, it will take 25 years
to double the numbers—from 290,000 in
2014. Moreover, the majority of Americans
limit their international experience to
Europe and, secondarily, Latin America.
State’s new U.S. Study Abroad Office(studyabroad.state.gov)
is part of an effort
to move the needle on this trend. Work-
ing with U.S. and foreign institutions,
the office highlights the benefits of study
abroad for Americans and offers resources
to help each student find the right pro-
The office provides information about
international exchanges, including State-
funded programs such as the Fulbright
Program, the Benjamin A. Gilman Inter-
national Scholarship Program and the
Critical Language Scholarship Program.
There are programs for high school stu-
dents, undergraduate and graduate stu-
dents, scholars, teachers and institutions.
The Department of State also provides
funds and other programming to help both
U.S. and foreign institutions improve their
capacity to host study-abroad programs.
Resources on the site include information
on scholarships, internships and teaching
or research opportunities, as well as tips
for ensuring a positive experience.
—Dastan Sadykov, Editorial Intern
The Quiz: Tower of Babel
7. Eritrea, Ethiopia
12. Botswana, Namibia