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one of our best sources of global influ-

ence.”The funding will also help move

toward the target of reaching half a billion

people globally by 2022. The BBC cur-

rently reaches 308 million people in 29


Most of the expansion will be con-

centrated in the Middle East, Africa and

Russian-speaking countries. Already in the

works are: radio service to North Korea;

commencement of the use of both Yoruba

and Pidgin in service in Nigeria and West

Africa; service in Ethiopia and Eritrea; and

increased service in Somalia, Thailand

and India.

—Shannon Mizzi,

Editorial Assistant

USAID Administrator



fter a six-month period of limbo at

the U.S. Agency for International

Development, Gayle Smith, a well-known

leader in development policy, was con-

firmed by the Senate on Nov. 30 as the

new Administrator. The vote was 79 to 7.

Smith was originally nominated on

April 30, but Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) led

a move to delay her confirmation. The

holdup was based on Republican opposi-

tion to the administration’s efforts to

secure a nuclear deal with Iran and fears

about potential changes to the Helms

amendment (which currently blocks the

use of foreign aid for abortion services

overseas), as well as Smith’s own position

on the amendment.

Secretary of State John Kerry has called

Smith, “instrumental in driving such key

initiatives as Power Africa, Feed the Future

and the U.N. 2030 Agenda for Sustainable


In the first two decades of her career,

Smith worked as a freelance journalist

in Ethiopia, Sudan and Kenya, and has

served as a consultant for more than a

dozen nongovernmental organizations.

She won the 1989 World Journalism

Award from the World Affairs Council,

the 1991 World Hunger Year Award and

the National Security Council’s Samuel

Nelson Drew Award for Distinguished

Contribution in Pursuit of Global Peace.

She was a senior fellow at the Center

for American Progress and is a co-founder

of both the Enough Project to end

genocide and the Modernizing Foreign

Assistance Network.

During the Clinton presidency, Smith

served as special assistant to the presi-

dent, senior director for African affairs at

the National Security Council and chief of

staff at USAID.

During the Obama presidency, she has

served as special assistant to the president

and senior director at the NSC, cover-

ing development, democratization and

humanitarian assistance issues.

A new inspector general for USAID was

also confirmed on Nov. 30. Ann Calvaresi

Barr served as deputy inspector general

at the Department of Transportation

from 2010 to the present. Further, Linda

Etin was confirmed as USAID’s assistant

administrator for Africa on Dec. 7.

—Shannon Mizzi,

Editorial Assistant

State’s New U.S.

Study Abroad Office


hough study abroad has increased

markedly around the world in recent

years, American students trail their

international counterparts dramatically in

what the Institute for International Educa-

tion considers “a key component of a 21st

century education.”

During the 2013-2014 school year,

more than four times as many foreign-

ers came to study in the United States as

Americans studied abroad, according to

Open Doors 2014


an annual report issued

jointly by IIE and the State Department.

At the current rate of growth in Ameri-

cans studying abroad, it will take 25 years

to double the numbers—from 290,000 in

2014. Moreover, the majority of Americans

limit their international experience to

Europe and, secondarily, Latin America.

State’s new U.S. Study Abroad Office


is part of an effort

to move the needle on this trend. Work-

ing with U.S. and foreign institutions,

the office highlights the benefits of study

abroad for Americans and offers resources

to help each student find the right pro-


The office provides information about

international exchanges, including State-

funded programs such as the Fulbright

Program, the Benjamin A. Gilman Inter-

national Scholarship Program and the

Critical Language Scholarship Program.

There are programs for high school stu-

dents, undergraduate and graduate stu-

dents, scholars, teachers and institutions.

The Department of State also provides

funds and other programming to help both

U.S. and foreign institutions improve their

capacity to host study-abroad programs.

Resources on the site include information

on scholarships, internships and teaching

or research opportunities, as well as tips

for ensuring a positive experience.


—Dastan Sadykov, Editorial Intern

The Quiz: Tower of Babel


1. Ethiopia

2. Bangladesh

3. Croatia

4. Denmark

5. Estonia

6. Fiji

7. Eritrea, Ethiopia

8. Haiti

9. Nigeria

10. Sardinia

11. Philippines

12. Botswana, Namibia