THE FOREIGN SERVICE JOURNAL
Born Josephine Yvonne van Geelen in
Bandung, Java, in the former Netherlands
East Indies, to Karel Lodewijk van Geelen
andTheodora (Dolly) Henriette Antonia
(née Liveu, subsequently van Geelen,
then van Dijke) Hoekstra, Mrs. Duffield
grew up with her father in the pampered,
colonial-era Dutch society in what is
today Indonesia. She also spent three
years (1928-1931) with her mother in the
She was working as a steno-typist for
the Dutch Civil Air Protection Services in
Surabaya when the Japanese invaded and
occupied the Netherlands East Indies. As
chief administrative officer of the State
Railways for East Java, Mrs. Duffield’s
father was taken into custody by the Kem-
peitai shortly after Dutch capitulation in
March 1942, and she never saw him again.
Mrs. Duffield spent the war years in three
Japanese internment camps on Java—
Darmowijk in Surabaya, and Gedangan
and Lampersari in Semarang.
After the Japanese surrender, Mrs.
Duffield returned to Surabaya to search
for her father. Her quick thinking and fear-
lessness saved the lives of residents of the
house in which she lived frommarauding
mobs of young Indonesian nationalists.
When she refused to be evacuated, she
was imprisoned by the nationalists in the
Simpang Club, thereby surviving the ensu-
ing Massacre of Surabaya in November
When the nationalists were forced to
retreat inland, she was released by Deibel
Effendi and subsequently worked for the
Allied British Military Police until they
handed over power to their Dutch succes-
sors in April 1946.
Mrs. Duffield returned to the Nether-
lands in August 1946 and there met her
future husband. FSOThomas Duffield
was posted to Rotterdam and had rented
a room in Mrs. Hoekstra’s fifth-floor flatTake AFSAWith You! Change your address online, visit us at www.afsa.org/address Or Send changes to: AFSAMembership Department 2101 E Street NW Washington, DC 20037 Moving?