The Foreign Service Journal - March 2014 - page 17

MARCH 2014
AFSA Scholarship
Arlington Court Suites Hotel
Clements Worldwide
Coldwell Banker Residential Bro-
(Mary Lowry Smith)
Diplomatic Automobile
Embassy Risk Management
The Hirshorn Company
McGrath Real Estate Services
PROMAX Management Inc.
WJD Management
50 Years Ago
ore than 60 ambassadors, both active and retired, met at Pennsylvania
State University in November 1963 to discuss the role of the American
ambassador in this period of rapid change. The conference was based on the
idea that the ambassadorship is a responsible office for which definite prepara-
tion and proper qualifications are essential.
Everyone agrees that the office should be filled with the most qualified per-
sons with the best preparation and background. But what is “best”? Problems at
the post, instructions, facility in the language of the country of assignment, rela-
tions with the officials and nationals of that country, dealings with and control of
U.S. personnel and visits of Washington dignitaries, not excluding congressmen,
are a few of the many subjects about which any ambassador, active or retired,
has significant views. …
Against this challenge a number of conclusions were reached. Chief among
them, an ambassador must be familiar with a wide range of subject matter, and
able to delegate responsibility, adapt himself to the specialized personnel under
his charge, qualify as a public speaker, and play a public role in the host country,
in addition to his ancient duties of negotiator and reporter. …
On the thorny and much-debated question of whether ambassadors should
be drawn from the career Foreign Service or from non-career sources, the con-
sensus was that ambassadors should be drawn from both sources. Non-career
appointments, it was recognized, brought “new, informed approaches and new
vitality in our representation abroad.”The existing ratio of two-thirds career as
against one-third non-career seemed acceptable, but the establishment of any
fixed ratio was not favored.
—Excerpted from“The American Ambassador in a Time of Change,” by Thorsten V.
, March 1964. A professor of international relations, Mr. Kalijarvi was
appointed by the Eisenhower administration as U.S. ambassador to El Salvador
Despite repeated requests from the
committee, AIS also refused to provide
complete, accurate and thoroughly cited
information to Congress.
In responding
to future requests for unclassified talking
points from Congress, the IC should sim-
ply tell Congress which facts are unclassi-
fied and let members of Congress provide
additional context for the public.
The co-location of IC and diplomatic per-
sonnel in Benghazi could have enhanced
security; but co-location often presents
tradeoffs that should be carefully evalu-
ated in high-threat environments.
The com-
mittee agrees that IC and diplomatic
personnel should generally be co-located
overseas, except where the IC determines
that, for operational reasons, co-location
is not helpful in meeting mission objec-
tives or that it poses a security risk. In
those limited instances, the IC should
work with the State Department in light
of chief-of-mission authorities. However,
the committee does not believe that co-
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