Page 66 - Foreign Service Journal - April 2012

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F O R E I G N S E R V I C E J O U R N A L / A P R I L 2 0 1 2
White House, National Security Coun-
cil and Secretary of State Warren
Christopher all sat passively by as the
horrendous genocide in Rwanda un-
folded in 1994.
While these policymistakes, and oth-
ers, were merely awkward for U.S. in-
terests, they led indirectly to millions of
deaths throughout the continent. They
also left an enduring legacy of massive
violence that continues today in places
like Sudan, Somalia and the Congo.
More than anywhere else in the
world, personal efforts can accomplish
much in Africa. Indeed, Foreign Serv-
ice officers were conducting “transfor-
mational diplomacy” there decades
before it became part of our jargon. Yet
Washington continues to respond to
disasters on the continent after the fact,
even though timely prevention would
be much less costly for all concerned.
The concluding chapter, by Jendayi
Frazer, is the most upbeat, suffused
with optimism about Africa’s prospects.
But for the next 50 years to be charac-
terized by the continent’s genuine
transformation to good governance,
economic prosperity and true develop-
ment, as she predicts, there must be a
shift in the continent’s place within
overall U.S. foreign policy — from the
margins to the core.
Tibor P. Nagy Jr. was a Foreign Service
officer from 1979 to 2003, serving as
ambassador to Guinea and Ethiopia.
An Africa hand, his other overseas
postings include Lusaka, Victoria,
Lome, Yaounde and Lagos. Since re-
tiring from the Foreign Service, he has
served as vice provost for international
affairs at Texas Tech University in Lub-
bock. He also lectures widely on Africa
and global issues.
The Value of
21st-Century Diplomacy:
A Practitioner’s Guide
Kishan S. Rana, Continuum, 2011,
$27.07, paperback, 392 pages;
$15.37, Kindle Edition
Though modern diplomacy emer-
ged after the signing of the Treaties of
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