THE FOREIGN SERVICE JOURNAL
tees make allocation decisions.
In accordance with Sections 302(a) and (b) of the Congres-
sional Budget Act of 1974, the budget authority and outlays
proposed in the final budget resolution are distributed to the
appropriate House and Senate Appropriations Committees.
These committees then must divide the proposed funds
among their 12 subcommittees.
The House and Senate Appropriations Committees have
jurisdiction over discretionary spending, which includes
roughly 94 percent of the international affairs budget (aka the
The appropriations process determines how each cham-
ber believes the discretionary funds should be allocated and
involves consideration by (a) the House and Senate Appropria-
tions Subcommittees; (b) the full Appropriations Committees
of the House and Senate; and (c) the full House and Senate.
There are three types of appropriations measures: (1)
regular appropriations provide funding for agencies over the
course of the federal fiscal year (Oct. 1–Sept. 30); (2) supple-
mental appropriations provide budget authority for areas that
have insufficient funding during the fiscal year, such as military
expenses or disaster relief; and (3) continuing appropriations,
better known as continuing resolutions, provide stopgap fund-
ing for agencies that have yet to receive regular appropriations.
July-August: Spending Bills
The House and Senate strive to pass their respective
spending bills prior to the regular state or district work period
(i.e., the August recess).
September: Conference Committee and President’s
AHouse-Senate conference committee is formed to resolve
any differences between the two bills and to agree on a final
version that can be presented to each body for a vote. The final
bill can be in the form of an omnibus (a lumping of multiple
appropriations bills into one larger bill), a continuing resolu-
tion or a combination of the two (as was the case for FY 16).
If passed by both chambers, the president must determine
whether to sign the bill into law.
October: Government Status Depends on Budget Outcome
Oct. 1 is the beginning of the new fiscal year. An omnibus
budget bill, or at least a continuing resolution, must have been
signed into law by this date for the federal government to
continue to operate.
the budget would create a $3.1 billion revolving fund to replace
antiquated information technology.
We invite you to read the respective analyses of the presi-
dent’s international affairs budget request by the U.S. Global
Leadership Coalition and the Congressional Research Service atwww.bit.ly/21gS8Zw
to learn more.
—Javier Cuebas, Director of Advocacy
CELEBRATE ADST AWARD REC I P I ENTS AT GALA D I NNER
The Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training will host its biennial gala dinner on April 26 at the Washington
Plaza Hotel. ADST is pleased to announce the 2016 Tribute to Excellence award winners.
Strobe Talbott, president of the Brookings Institution and Deputy Secretary of State in the Clinton administra-
tion, will receive the Ralph J. Bunche Award for Diplomatic Excellence. Previous recipients include James Baker, Colin
Powell and Lee Hamilton.
The Cyrus Vance Award for Advancing Knowledge of Diplomacy will go to Joseph Nye, former dean of the John F.
Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
The International Business Leadership Award will be presented to the nonprofit One Laptop Per Child, which has
been creating and distributing educational devices for the developing world since 2005. Founder Nicholas Negro-
ponte and CEO Rodrigo Arboleda will accept on the group’s behalf.
ADST, a nonprofit organization located at the Foreign Service Institute, has the world’s largest collection of diplo-
matic oral histories, archived onsite and with the Library of Congress.
For more information about ADST or to sign up for this year’s gala, visitwww.ADST.org.