THE FOREIGN SERVICE JOURNAL
Both Europe and the United States have a vital stake in preserving
and improving the trans-Atlantic relationship.
The Rt. Hon. Lord Campbell of Pittenweem CH CBE
PC QC was the Liberal Democrat member of Parlia-
ment for North East Fife, in Scotland, from 1987 until
he stood down in 2015. During that time he was his
party’s principal spokesman on foreign affairs and defense. He was
elected deputy leader of the Liberal Democrats in 2003 and served
as its leader from 2006 to 2007. In the House of Commons he was
a member of the Trade and Industry, Defense and Foreign Affairs
Select Committees, and also served on parliament’s Intelligence and
Security Committee between 2008 and 2015. From 2010 to 2015 he
led the United Kingdom delegation to the NATO Parliamentary As-
sembly, of which he remains a member.
he guiding lights for my approach
to foreign affairs have been United
Kingdommembership in the Euro-
pean Union and the North Atlantic
Treaty Organizaion, support for the
United Nations and a profound belief
in the trans-Atlantic relationship.
These principles have been comple-
mentary and mutually reinforcing.
They have their roots in the recognition that a rules-based sys-
tem provides the most effective means to preserve and promote
peace and security. A rules-based systemmay seem perfect in
conception, but less so in practice. Still, history teaches us that
the alternatives are less effective.
ON U.S. – EUROPE RELATIONS
Out of the ashes of the Second World War a new order was
established, comprised of Bretton Woods, the International
Monetary Fund, the United Nations, NATO and the European
Union, and other international organizations. The purpose was
to thwart nationalist ambition, to foster cooperation, and to
achieve and sustain postwar reconciliation and reconstruction.
Or, to put it another way, the goal was to identify and prevent the
causes and the consequences of conflict.
Have the members of these institutions always met the obli-
gations incumbent upon them? Of course not; because even in
a perfect world, if such existed, national interests would never
be entirely subordinate to supranational agreement. But the
obligations and the inherent values that these institutions and
relationships embraced have provided a benchmark against
which citizens could measure the performance of their govern-
ments and signatories could judge their fellows.
We should not hesitate to describe these institutions and
their values as liberal. Nor should we hesitate to recognize that
without them our world would have been less secure.
Brexit and New Challenges
But now we face challenges of an entirely different nature,
reflecting the disillusionment and even discontent many citizens
feel toward governments which, both in their domestic policies
and internationally, have acted in accordance with the obliga-
tions these organizations and relationships impose.
The unexpected outcome of the so-called Brexit referen-
BY MENZ I ES CAMPBE L L