Foreign Service Journal - June 2013 - page 12

JUNE 2013
China: Top Source
of Cyberespionage
riting in the April 23
Verizon’s latest Data Breach Investiga-
tions Report. Issued every year since
asserts that 96 percent of
120 incidents of governmental cyberes-
pionage last year originated in Beijing.
(The source of the other incidents is
Compiled by the company’s RISK
Team and 19 partners, including federal
officials and several foreign govern-
ments, the report identifies 44 million
compromised records from 621 con-
firmed data breaches in 2012. Of those
breaches, 19 percent were deemed to
be the result of government-affiliated
espionage. Retail institutions were the
most common victims, with profit-
minded hackers most often based in
Romania, the United States, Bulgaria or
Timberg reports that the sheer
volume of Chinese cyberintrusions
has made identifying them easier, with
telltale sections of code sometimes
appearing across different pieces of
malicious software. But the Verizon
team did not treat the fact that an
intrusion emanated from an Internet
address in the PRC as sufficient evi-
dence. Instead, they named China only
when they could definitively trace the
malicious code or tactics used in the
Though the Chinese Embassy in
Washington did not
respond to queries
about the Verizon
report, Timberg notes
that Chinese officials
have consistently denied
allegations that their
government is a leading
source of cyberespionage.
However, these latest
findings track closely with
the National Intelligence
Estimate, a consensus document of
U.S. intelligence agencies, and build on
numerous other reports singling out the
People’s Republic of China as “uncom-
monly aggressive in cyberspace.”
—Steven Alan Honley, Editor
The Rise of the
Global South
he impressive economic rise of the
BRICS—Brazil, Russia, India, China
and South Africa—has attracted a lot of
attention. But the
titled “Rise of the
South: Human Progress in
a Diverse World,” cautions
that this is not the full
The United Nations
Development Program
report, published in
March, agrees that
many countries that
are part of the so-called
“Global South” (a group of 40 developing
countries) have been enjoying substan-
tial growth despite the economic crisis
of the last several years. Although the
largest developing economies were the
main contributors to the phenomenon,
Bangladesh, Chile, Ghana, Mauritius,
Rwanda and Tunisia have also made
rapid progress.
As the Global North has stagnated,
production rebalancing on a scale not
seen for 150 years is well under way.
China recently surpassed Japan to
become the second-largest economy,
while India and Brazil are set to overtake
all of the European economies except
Germany later this decade. In response
to this economic shift, the UNDP is
calling for far greater representation of
the South in global governance systems,
including the World Bank, the Inter-
reaking international news gathered by one of the world’s most exten-
sive networks of journalists can now be found in one place, thanks to a
new online initiative by the Broadcasting Board of Governors.
Global News
pulls together the English-language news generated by the BBG’s
50-plus bureaus, production centers and offices, which are supported by staff
journalists and more than 1,500 stringers across the globe.
Visitors can search the site by region, network or type of media, and are
then directed to the original content on the sites of the Voice of America, Radio
Free Europe/Radio Liberty and Radio Free Asia.
The Dashboard
also offers links
to original Spanish-language broadcasts from Radio/TV Martí, and the Arabic-
language online offerings of the Middle East Broadcasting Networks.
Previously, anyone interested in these broadcasts would have had to visit
the Web sites of five separate broadcasters. This tool, built on the Pangea con-
tent management system developed by RFE/RL and used by the majority of
makes that search easier.
—Steven Alan Honley, Editor
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