Foreign Service Journal - June 2013 - page 13

JUNE 2013
50 Years Ago
he key to the rebirth of the Foreign Service, to the future of American diplo-
macy and hence to honorable national survival lies not in high-flown foreign
policy pronouncements, but in the homely budget. No single factor over the
years has contributed as much to the parlous state of our diplomatic establish-
ment as the perennial financial impoverishment imposed upon successive State
Department budgets.
It is truly remarkable that the numerous criticisms and studies of the opera-
tions and organization of the Department of State have uniformly overlooked the
real culprit, and seem naively unaware of the strangling effect of lack of funds on
our diplomacy, a fact of life with which every career Foreign Service officer lives
from the day he enters the Service.
It is also remarkable that the overwhelming bulk of writings on foreign affairs
has concentrated on policy questions and has failed to explore the mechanics,
organization and facilities for the execution of foreign policy. Here indeed is a
fallow but potentially fruitful field of study. For no policy, however well conceived,
can be any better than the machinery through which it is executed. …
This situation requires correction, but it will not come until national values
and priorities recognize the vital role of the State Department in the national
security complex and allocate to it an adequate portion of the security budget.
Up to now the reflex action to any serious international crisis is to ask for more
funds to strengthen our military posture. No one thinks of seeking additional
financial support for the diplomatic establishment whose primary concern, after
all, is the conduct of our foreign relations.
—From “The Budget and the Future of American Diplomacy (Part I)”
by Leon B. Poullada;
, June 1963.
national Monetary Fund and the U.N.
Security Council.
Among the report’s highlights:
• The combined output of the world’s
three leading developing economies
(Brazil, India and China) is equal to the
combined gross domestic product of the
“Western” industrial powers (Canada,
France, Germany, Italy, the United King-
dom and the United States).
• Over the last 30 years, developing
countries have increased their share of
world merchandise trade to 47 percent,
and global output to 45 percent.
• More than 80 percent of the world’s
middle class will reside in the Global
South by 2030, when they will account
for 70 percent of total consumption
• Because of the rapid growth in
number of people whose income is less
than $1.25 a day—has been met three
years ahead of its target date.
• The economic growth in Latin
America has been led by strong states
that implemented a gradual and
sequenced integration with the global
economy. By 2030, Latin America and
the Caribbean will be home to one in 10
members of the emerging global middle
• India has averaged income growth
of nearly 5 percent a year since 1990, but
its per capita income is still relatively
low. Moreover, the country faces signifi-
cant environmental, demographic and
social challenges in the coming decades.
• While sub-Saharan Africa still has
the lowest average national Human
Development Index of any region, it is
home to 11 of the 14 countries that have
recorded annual HDI gains of at least 2
percent each year since 2000. (HDI is a
composite statistic of life expectancy,
education and income indices, used to
assign countries to four tiers of human
• Although Morocco, Algeria and
Tunisia experienced considerable
improvement in their human develop-
ment level, the Arab world continues to
have both the highest rate of unemploy-
ment and the lowest labor force partici-
pation rate, especially for women.
—Jeff Richards, Editorial Intern
Diplomacy Goes
to the Dogs
riting in the March 4 edition of
Allison Meier reviews
Australian artist Bennett Miller’s
which ran from Feb.
28 to March 3 in Toronto as part of the
Harborfront Center’s 2013 World Stage
series. The show features 36 adorable
dachshunds as United Nations Human
Rights Commission delegates, seated
(most of the time, anyway) in a replica
of the UNHRC’s Geneva forum.
Meier notes that the show has plenty
of barking and biting, and sometimes
the “delegates” even lunge at each other.
But she reassures readers: “Don’t worry.
The dogs are leashed and the owners
hidden away nearby to keep things from
getting too feral.”
Each of the dogs seated behind its
country sign, such as France, Argentina
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