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JUNE 2017



Defense University from 2013 to 2016.

Her advice to Foreign Service colleagues

is clearly stated in the title of her article,

“Working with the Military: Let’s Take Full Advantage of Opportunities.” (Excerpts

from a find in the


Archive, “Educa-

tion for the National Security,” provide a

relevant snapshot from 1960.)

In “Killer Drones and the Militarization of U.S. Foreign Policy,” former FSO and

Army colonel Ann Wright offers a scath-

ing review of the U.S. government’s use

of unmanned aerial vehicles to conduct

targeted killings since 9/11. Seeming to

offer an efficient middle way between war

and peace, she argues, the drone program

actually has significant, negative long-

term consequences for U.S. policy and

for communities in places where these

killings occur.

With a critique of State Department

priorities and missed opportunities

since the end of the Cold War, Ambassa-

dor (ret.) Larry Butler shares suggestions

for the way forward in “Creeping Mili- tarization of Foreign Policy or Creeping State Department Irrelevance?” Ambas-

sador (ret.) Ryan Crocker’s country team

in Iraq 2007, he says, is a model of how

cooperation can work.

Finally, in a fascinating piece from

the FSJ Archive, “Defense and Security: Opposite Sides of the Same Coin,” we


Where Diplomacy and Defense Meet



t this moment, when so-called

soft-power budgets for State and

USAID are threatened withmajor

cuts, we findmilitary leaders

to be the ones pushing back hardest in

defense of diplomacy and development.

This month we present perspectives

on the ways that diplomacy, development

and defense overlap. We are not calling

this set of articles a “focus,” but rather

“perspectives.” It became clear in review-

ing the articles that there is almost no truly

objective way to approach the subject.

Every author brings a particular lens to

writing on civilian-military relations and

the appropriate balance between civil-

ian andmilitary activity and initiatives in

foreign policy. All the pieces we share here

represent individual perspectives from

authors with an understanding and unique

experiences working with the military.

In his opening article, “Special Operations and Diplomacy: A Unique Nexus,” Senior FSO Steve Kashkett

offers an overview of how the expanded

work and mission of U.S. Special Opera-

tions today—the “indirect” activities

such as providing medical services,

disaster relief, agricultural develop-

ment—intersect with the work and

mission of U.S. diplomacy. The Foreign

Service would be well advised, in Kash-

kett’s view, to embrace

this convergence.


Wanda Nesbitt served

as senior vice presi-

dent of the National

share a 1988 interview with former FSO

and then-Secretary of Defense Frank

Carlucci. He explains how the line

between State and Defense becomes

increasingly blurred and why that’s not a

bad thing, and describes the “never been

better” working relationship between

State, Defense and the National Security

Council at the time.

You will not agree with all you read

in this issue, and we look forward to

your responses to the perspectives

shared. Send letters or follow-on

articles to

I close with a reminder to check out the

digital archive of 99 years of

The Foreign

Service Journal


We launched the online archive at a May

11 event at AFSA headquarters.



over time offers a unique

window into diplomatic history as it

unfolds. Now it’s all online and discover-

able, a bridge from the past to the future,

offering a chance to learn from the past,

see what’s been tried before, how certain

issues come around again and again, see

howmuch things change and how little.

The archive can be accessed by aca-

demics and other researchers worldwide,

and should raise awareness and appre-

ciation for the critical role of the Foreign

Service and U.S. diplomacy.

Also, the more you click on the archive,

the better the search will become, so

please, click away, share and enjoy!


Shawn Dorman is the editor of

The Foreign Service Journal.

We findmilitary leaders to be the ones pushing

back hardest in defense of diplomacy and