Page 21 - FSJ - 070812

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J U LY - A U G U S T 2 0 1 2 / F O R E I G N S E R V I C E J O U R N A L
21
F
OCUS ON
FSI /FS T
RA INING
F
OSTERING A
P
ROFESSIONAL
F
OREIGN
S
ERVICE
chieving adequate
staffing and fostering professional development within the
Foreign Service are long struggles made worse by the fed-
eral deficit. The American Academy of Diplomacy has
been deeply engaged in these endeavors and will soon re-
turn to the battle with a new study.
A year ago, my colleague Robert M. Beecroft reported
in these pages on the ongoing advocacy of AAD for con-
tinuing professional development at the Department of
State and the U.S. Agency for International Development,
and the resources required for this to happen (“Taking
Diplomatic Professional Education Seriously,” July-August
2011
FSJ
;
www.afsa.org/fsj).
As he noted, AAD has long been an energetic partner
of AFSA and other allies in these efforts. Back in 2008,
in collaboration with the Stimson Center and with fund-
ing provided by the Una Chapman Cox Foundation, the
Academy produced
A Foreign Affairs Budget for the Fu-
ture
,
the first study in decades that related State and
USAID’s missions to needed staffing for both services.
That study, referred to in the following as the FAB, pro-
ceeded on certain basic assumptions: the principle of uni-
versality (i.e., a U.S. diplomatic presence in all countries);
expanded engagement with nongovernmental actors; and
the need to manage a broad base of U.S. interests over-
seas, to name but a few. It made specific recommenda-
tions for additional staff totaling 1,099 positions to carry
out core diplomatic work in the areas of multilateral
diplomacy, international law, economics, science and
technology, public-private partnerships and interagency
coordination.
As for training, the report delineated a lamentable gap
between the number of language-qualified Foreign Serv-
ice officers and the staffing required to meet FS needs,
among other problems. To address the shortfall, it rec-
ommended the creation of an additional 1,287 training
slots, as well as allocation of the resources necessary to
support additional training.
FAB made extensive recommendations for increases
in public diplomacy, going beyond staffing (487 American
personnel and 369 Locally Employed Staff) to urge ex-
pansion of exchanges, cultural centers and other pro-
grams to support public diplomacy overseas. As for
S
TATE AND
USAID
SHOULD CONCENTRATE
ON PROTECTING RECENT STAFFING GAINS
,
NOT PROGRAMS
,
TO COPE WITH BUDGET CUTBACKS
.
B
Y
R
ONALD
E. N
EUMANN
Ronald E. Neumann, a retired Senior Foreign Service offi-
cer, served as ambassador to Algeria, Bahrain and Afghani-
stan, among many other assignments. President of the
American Academy of Diplomacy since 2007, Ambassador
Neumann is the author of
The Other War: Winning and
Losing in Afghanistan
(Potomac Press, 2009).