The Foreign Service Journal - September 2017
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ounded in 2007, E-International

Relations is a U.K.-based non-

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Reforming U.S.

Foreign Assistance:

A CSIS Report


ollowing President Donald Trump’s

executive order onMarch 1, which

asked all federal agencies to submit reor-

ganization plans, the Center for Strategic

and International Studies convened a task

force to analyze the possible outcomes of

such reform andmake recommendations

regarding the future of American security,

prosperity and continued global leader-


On July 24, CSIS released its bipartisan report on the proposed reorganization of

U.S. foreign assistance. In it, the authors

recognize the need for reformof foreign

assistance programs, but disagree with the

planned reduction in the foreign affairs


The report establishes the view that

U.S. foreign assistance is not merely altru-

istic—although it makes a huge difference

in the world—but a smart investment that

contributes to the national security of the

United States, stating that “putting Ameri-

can interests first means leading abroad.”

The report reviews the current status

of U.S. foreign assistance, noting that

it makes up less than 1 percent of the

federal budget, and makes the following


1. Maintain USAID as an independent

agency reporting to the Secretary of State

and designate the USAID Administrator

as the coordinator of foreign assistance.

The Administrator, along with other

stakeholders, should create a develop-

ment strategy that supports and comple-

ments the national security strategy.

2. Address duplication of effort and

generate budget savings by identifying

programs and functions that should

shift to USAID from State. Identify and

eliminate programs or missions which no

longer contribute to the foreign assis-

tance strategy.

3. Modernize the personnel and pro-

curement systems for the Department

of State and USAID and streamline the

reporting requirements to Congress.

By adopting these recommendations,

CSIS argues, the current administration

will strengthen American global leader-

ship while increasing efficiency, effec-

tiveness and accountability.

Acting Head of

Diplomatic Security

Steps Down


n July 26,

The Washington Post

reported that Bill Miller, the direc- tor of the Diplomatic Security Service

and principal deputy assistant secretary

of State for Diplomatic Security, had

resigned from the Foreign Service and

the Department of State.

Miller had been serving as acting

assistant secretary of State for Diplo-

matic Security, the top DS post, since

January, when FSO Greg Starr stepped

down with the change of administra-


According to the


, Miller

“resigned voluntarily and was not asked

to resign or fired,” but sources close

to Miller said he “had been hoping to

be appointed to lead the Diplomatic

Security Service on a permanent basis

but was informed that he would not be

getting the job.” CBS News, which broke

the story on July 25, reported that “offi-

cials familiar with the situation say that

retirement was not his first choice.”

ABC News also reported on the story


quoting Rep. Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.), who

said that President Trump and Secretary

of State Tillerson are “putting American

lives at stake” by leaving top DS posts


Miller’s departure further empties

the top ranks at State. ABC News writes

that four of six under secretary positions

were vacant at the time of Miller’s resig-

nation; of 108 other senior roles, “31 are

filled by someone in an acting role, and

41 are completely vacant, with two more

soon to be empty.”

A 31-year DS veteran, Miller was

chosen to lead the Bureau of Diplomatic