The Foreign Service Journal - October 2015
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Working with the Military



Shawn Dorman is the editor of

The Foreign Service Journal.

for the Simons Center for the Study of

Interagency Cooperation from 2010 to

2012 and was the first political adviser

at the U.S. Strategic Command, shares

lessons learned from his experience in

“Working with the Military—10 Things the Foreign Service Needs to Know.”

Senior USAID FSO Ambassador

Jonathan Addleton shares his deeply personal story of serving alongside mili- tary colleagues in southern Afghanistan,

and of losing civilian and military col-

leagues to that war. Then former Director

General George Staples talks about his own military background and how that helped inform his Foreign Service career. He offers his take on how to bes


understand the U.S. military and its role

in interagency decision-making.

Two features offer food for thought

on practical policy matters. In “A Closer Look at Advancing World Food Security,”

retired FSO Michael McClellan makes a

case for syncing the free trade and com-

modity export agendas with the devel-

opment agenda to combat global food

insecurity. FSO and former AFSA State

VP Matthew Asada takes us to the 2015 world’s fair in Milan, presenting a brief

history of the fair, including the less-

than-perfect attendance record for the

United States in this “public diplomacy


Our Speaking Out column this month

will surely raise some eyebrows. It

directly addresses the tension in Civil

Service–Foreign Service relations at the

State Department. In “Seeking Parity Between the Civil and Foreign Services,”

retired State Department foreign affairs

officer Larry Roeder Jr. lays out his argu-

ment for treating members of the CS and

FS as equals.

As the


aims to devote more

attention to professional issues, the state

of the Foreign Service and how diplo-

macy can stay relevant, we cannot ignore

this elephant in the room. Send your

reactions and letters to


In President’s Views, Ambassador

Barbara Stephenson follows her first


“Stepping Forward to Lead,”

with an overview of the new Governing

Board’s vision for their term in “Setting Our Course.” She is prioritizing trans-

parency and engagement with AFSA

members to strengthen both AFSA and

the Foreign Service.

Finally, I would like to introduce a

new occasional feature in Letters, one of

our most popular departments. Called

“Back Story,” it is a place to highlight,

well, the Foreign Service back story on

anything featured in the


. Our

authors know their subjects well, but

there is always more to any story.

On just about any topic we cover,

there are those among you who were

there or who have specialized knowledge

of that event, story, policy, etc. The most

recent example, in

September Letters

, is

Ambassador Tom Boyatt’s response to



Vietnam articles, giving the back

story on what AFSA was doing during

that time in relation to Vietnam.

Send us your back story, in 500

words or less, and we’ll try to run it as a



his month, our focus is on

civilian-military relations.

This topic has so many critical

dimensions, but we can only

touch on a few of them this month. We

hope this set of focus articles can serve

as a starting point for a broader discus-

sion of this important subject.

With each month’s focus, we strive

to contribute to or spark a conversation

that will extend out to future issues of the


and to dialogue and debate among

those inside and outside the Foreign

Service community.

The primary purpose of the



according to its bylaws, is to provide “a

forum for the lively debate of issues of

interest to foreign affairs professionals

by authors in the Foreign Service, the

media, academia, etc.” In a sea of mili-

tary, think-tank and academic publica-

tions and ever-expanding media venues,



occupies a unique space, offering

a Foreign Service and diplomacy lens on

issues of concern.

As a clarifying point, I would add that

the AFSA lens on issues is found in the

president’s monthly column and in the

AFSA News department of the



The rest of the




space, where

the views expressed are those of the

authors. We urge you to add your voice

to the discussions.

We start the focus

with a primer, a kind

of Civ-Mil Relations

101. Retired senior

FSO Ted Strickler, who

was executive director