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Quejas, Tchufe e Lobo:
Creole Kings of Samba,
Fado and Morna in the 30s
Alveno Figueiredo e Silva, Editorial
Estampa, 2012, €16.98, paperback,
216 pages.
Tis Portuguese-language work cele-
brates the great kings of samba, fado and
morna music from the Creole islands of
Cape Verde. A tribute to the memory of Fernando Quejas, Pedro
Alcantara de Freitas Silve Ramos (Tchufe) and Antoninho Lobo,
it introduces the reader to the world of the three wistful Creole
singers who contributed greatly to showcasing the musical genres
from three cultures—Cape Verdean, Brazilian and Portuguese.
Te Cape Verde islands are natural harbors for the crossing
of cultures. Tey are perhaps best known for the warmth of the
charming songs brought to life by the many diferent cultures of
their population. Te great themes of Eugenio Tavares or B. Leza,
for example, mesmerize listeners with their lyricism and slow
From the popular group Dos Tubarões to the world-renowned
Cesari Evora, the author explores the interweaving of musical
traditions, such as the crossing of fado with Angolan rhythms and
even with Arabic lyrics. Te Cape Verdean island of Boa Vista, in
particular, was a musical epicenter during the 19th century.
Alveno Figueiredo e Silva is a Cape Verdean journalist.
His wife, Kathryn M. Coster, is a Foreign Service ofce manage-
ment specialist in Lisbon. His book is available online at or
from the author at
America’s Unknown Wars
William S. Shepard, Seth B. Cutler
Press, 2011, $2.99, Kindle Edition.
One of William Shepard’s ancestors
fought in a confict that the author had
never heard of, King Philip’s War, which
took place from 1675 to 1676 in colonial
Massachusetts. It turned out to have
been among the worst wars in Ameri-
can history from the standpoint of damage and casualties. Tat
prompted Shepard to wonder about other “unknown” conficts.
We may have heard about the French and Indian War (1754-
1760), but the details are elusive. Te War of 1812 (1812-1815)
left us with our National Anthem and a host of stirring battle
slogans, but why was it fought? Te Mexican War (1846-1848) was
opposed by Representative Abraham Lincoln, but it expanded
America’s reach exponentially, making us a continental power.
And the Spanish-American War (1898) turned us into a power
with global reach.
Te author reviews each of these conficts that are part of our
national legacy and asks if we have learned the crucial lessons
that each of them left us.
Career FSOWilliam S. Shepard, who retired as consul general
in Bordeaux, also served in Singapore, Saigon, Budapest, Athens
and Washington, D.C. He has written more than a dozen books,
including a memoi
r (see p. 41) a
nd a new collection of mystery
(see p. 51).
Iran: The Nuclear Challenge
Robert D. Blackwill, ed., Council on
Foreign Relations, Inc., 2012, $9.99,
paperback, 77 pages.
A refreshing examination of an issue
beloved by headline-screaming political
Iran: Te Nuclear Challenge
is a
timely compilation of essays written by
associates of the David Rockefeller Studies
Program of the Council on Foreign Relations. Te work ofers a
variety of perspectives assessing the tools and strategies to face
Iran and its nuclear program that are based on a deep under-
standing of Iran, its internal structure and leadership, and its
place as an outcast in the Middle East.
Although the authors—Elliot Abrams, Robert D. Blackwill,
Robert M. Danin, Richard A. Falkenrath, Matthew Kroenig,
Meghan L. O’Sullivan and Ray Takeyh—have their own strong
opinions on potential policy options, they have made an efort
to present valid and objective choices, looking over and reacting
to each other’s essays to create a cohesive analysis of this tense
Teir topics range from the efcacy of sanctions and negotia-
tions and the potential outcomes of Israeli or U.S. ofensive action
to the prospect of Iran with a nuclear bomb. Tis slim but multi-
faceted volume is a must read for those seeking to understand the
complexities of engaging the Islamic Republic.
Robert D. Blackwill, a retired career Senior Foreign Service
ofcer, served as President George W. Bush’s ambassador to India
from 2001 to 2003. He is currently a Henry A. Kissinger Senior
Fellow for U.S. foreign policy at the Council on Foreign Relations.