Page 11 - Foreign Service Journal - December 2012

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as I have done here. Ten check your
bank balance every two weeks and be
happy you are gainfully employed, as
there are many not as fortunate in today’s
I am grateful for all I’ve seen during
the last 30 years, and for the people I’ve
had a chance to meet along the way.
Enjoy life, for you cannot change the
Richard E. McCormick
Assistant General Services Ofcer
U.S. Mission Iraq
The “3Ds” Revisited
In the face of growing instability, ter-
rorism and assorted other international
crises that threaten American interests
and global security, a new U.S. strategic
concept was introduced in 2004 that
aimed to bring together the key elements
of national power to prevent, mitigate or
overcome these threats.
Known as the “3Ds” (defense, diplo-
macy and development), the strategy
envisioned unifed planning, coordina-
tion and implementation of responses to
crises among co-equal partners: namely,
the Department of Defense, Department
of State and the Agency for International
From 2003 to 2010, I worked for DOD,
USAID and State developing and imple-
menting mechanisms to enhance inter-
agency coordination for crisis response,
so I have seen the 3Ds up close. While the
3D strategy continues to be referred to as
the operational mode for U.S. crisis plan-
ning, equality among the partners is
far from a reality. DOD, whose global
presence is far-reaching and growing, has
assumed an ever-greater role in diploma-
cy and development and is perceived by
many as the visible face of U.S. foreign
policy abroad.
Te Defense Department’s expanded
mission is not just due to a larger budget
($670 billion vs. $51 billion for State and
USAID combined in Fiscal Year 2012) or
personnel base (1.2 million vs. 15,000 for
State and USAID). It also stems from a
decades-long perception among some in
Congress and the executive branch that
the military is better able to respond to
If the 3D strategy is to succeed, there
needs to be a better balance between our
military and civilian agency partners—
not only in terms of budgets, but in their
respective roles in defning U.S. crisis-
response measures and outcomes.
John Champagne
USAID FSO, retired
South Hadley, Mass.
Remembering Reginald
Reginald Bartholomew, who died of
cancer in August in New York City, was
a break-the-mold diplomat. “Reg” (one
doubts he was ever addressed as “Regi-
nald,” at least not since his christening)
was one of his generation’s most talented
Although he was not a come-up-
from-the-ranks FSO, Bartholomew held
multiple ambassadorships, directed
the Political-Military Afairs Bureau,
and served as under secretary for arms
control and international security afairs.
He was particularly noted for negotiating
basing agreements and devising mecha-
nisms for arms control. If there was a
tough diplomatic problem, he was likely
to be on the short list to handle it.
A consummate political survivor, Bar-
tholomew endured through Presidents
Carter, Reagan and Bush 41, leaving State
following Bill Clinton’s election. Key
to his longevity was a powerful men-
tor, Larry Eagleburger, who held senior
State positions and eventually became