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What’s In a Name?


ince the terrorist group that calls

itself the Islamic State and declares

its intent to establish a new caliphate

began grabbing headlines earlier this

year, news organizations, government

public a airs o ces and editors around

the world—


sta included—have

been wrestling with its proper designa-

tion: ISIS? ISIL? Da’esh? Islamic State?

When the group rst surfaced a

couple of years ago, it was commonly

called the “Islamic State of Iraq and

Syria” or ISIS. But as its name in Arabic

suggests—Al-Dawla Al-Islamiya al-Iraq

wa al-Sham, or the Islamic State of Iraq

and al-Sham—the group’s aims go far

beyond what we know today as Syria.

Al-Sham refers to the region stretching

from southern Turkey through Syria to

Egypt, and including Lebanon, Israel, the

Palestinian territories and Jordan, known

historically in English as “the Levant.”

In the interest of precision, the White

Ebola, how the disease is spread, who is

at the greatest risk of exposure, tech-

niques for preventing transmission and

how Ebola is treated.

e site o ers

videos, audio clips and infographics on

what is being done by the CDC to com-

bat the disease.

Doctors Without Borders.


tors Without Borders (Medecins sans

Frontieres) was one of the rst organi-

zations to respond to the Ebola crisis

in the early months of this year.


organization currently employs 270

international and about 3,000 local sta

in West Africa. It operates six Ebola case

management centers, with approxi-

mately 600 beds.

Its website includes the latest news,

updates on a vaccine and a compre-

hensive analysis of data compiled from

their work in West Africa. From the start

of operations in March until press time,

the group has con rmed 23 sta mem-

bers have been infected with Ebola,

seven of whom have recovered.

Science Magazine.

In its “Special


e Ebola Epidemic,”


magazine has put together a special col-

lection of resources for those interested in

the research, as well as the news, on the

virus. It includes links to top stories from

its Ebola coverage, updates on vaccine

research and scholarly articles on the

virus itself.

International SOS.

is global medi-

cal and travel security services company

o ers “local expertise, preventive advice

and emergency assistance during

critical illness, accident or civil unrest.”

In addition to news, educational materi-

als, prevention tips and facts about the

virus, International SOS’s “Ebola in West

Africa” website features a comprehensive

compilation of travel restrictions covering

Africa, the Americas and other countries.

It also lists travel and ight restrictions by

country and airline.

—Trevor Smith, Editorial Intern

Anthony England/@EbolaPhone

The end of the Cold War was just the beginning of

the path towards a new Europe and a safer world

order. But instead of building newmechanisms and insti-

tutions of European security and pursuing a major demili-

tarization of European politics, as promised, by the way, in

NATO’s London Declaration, the West, and particularly the

United States, declared victory in the Cold War. Euphoria

and triumphalismwent to the heads of Western leaders.

Taking advantage of Russia’s weakening and a

lack of a counterweight, they claimed monopoly

leadership and domination in the world.

—Former Soviet president and general secretary of the Communist

Party of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev, speaking at a symposium near the Brandenburg Gate on Nov. 8 in celebration of the fall of the

Berlin Wall 25 years ago.

Contemporary Quote

This map, which has gone viral on the Internet, was created

to counter the mistaken perception that the continent of

Africa is synonymous with Ebola.