THE FOREIGN SERVICE JOURNAL
What’s In a Name?
ince the terrorist group that calls
itself the Islamic State and declares
its intent to establish a new caliphate
began grabbing headlines earlier this
year, news organizations, government
public a airs o ces and editors around
been wrestling with its proper designa-
tion: ISIS? ISIL? Da’esh? Islamic State?
When the group rst surfaced a
couple of years ago, it was commonly
called the “Islamic State of Iraq and
Syria” or ISIS. But as its name in Arabic
suggests—Al-Dawla Al-Islamiya al-Iraq
wa al-Sham, or the Islamic State of Iraq
and al-Sham—the group’s aims go far
beyond what we know today as Syria.
Al-Sham refers to the region stretching
from southern Turkey through Syria to
Egypt, and including Lebanon, Israel, the
Palestinian territories and Jordan, known
historically in English as “the Levant.”
In the interest of precision, the White
Ebola, how the disease is spread, who is
at the greatest risk of exposure, tech-
niques for preventing transmission and
how Ebola is treated.
e site o ers
videos, audio clips and infographics on
what is being done by the CDC to com-
bat the disease.Doctors Without Borders.
tors Without Borders (Medecins sans
Frontieres) was one of the rst organi-
zations to respond to the Ebola crisis
in the early months of this year.
organization currently employs 270
international and about 3,000 local sta
in West Africa. It operates six Ebola case
management centers, with approxi-
mately 600 beds.
Its website includes the latest news,
updates on a vaccine and a compre-
hensive analysis of data compiled from
their work in West Africa. From the start
of operations in March until press time,
the group has con rmed 23 sta mem-
bers have been infected with Ebola,
seven of whom have recovered.Science Magazine.
In its “Special
e Ebola Epidemic,”
magazine has put together a special col-
lection of resources for those interested in
the research, as well as the news, on the
virus. It includes links to top stories from
its Ebola coverage, updates on vaccine
research and scholarly articles on the
virus itself.International SOS.
is global medi-
cal and travel security services company
o ers “local expertise, preventive advice
and emergency assistance during
critical illness, accident or civil unrest.”
In addition to news, educational materi-
als, prevention tips and facts about the
virus, International SOS’s “Ebola in West
Africa” website features a comprehensive
compilation of travel restrictions covering
Africa, the Americas and other countries.
It also lists travel and ight restrictions by
country and airline.
—Trevor Smith, Editorial Intern
The end of the Cold War was just the beginning of
the path towards a new Europe and a safer world
order. But instead of building newmechanisms and insti-
tutions of European security and pursuing a major demili-
tarization of European politics, as promised, by the way, in
NATO’s London Declaration, the West, and particularly the
United States, declared victory in the Cold War. Euphoria
and triumphalismwent to the heads of Western leaders.
Taking advantage of Russia’s weakening and a
lack of a counterweight, they claimed monopoly
leadership and domination in the world.
—Former Soviet president and general secretary of the CommunistParty of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev, speaking at a symposium near the Brandenburg Gate on Nov. 8 in celebration of the fall of the
Berlin Wall 25 years ago.
This map, which has gone viral on the Internet, was created
to counter the mistaken perception that the continent of
Africa is synonymous with Ebola.