THE FOREIGN SERVICE JOURNAL
peace negotiated by outsiders will never
hold, but there is a role for the United
States. Here he posits admittedly ideal-
ized pro les of Pakistan and Afghanistan
ere are modest but achievable
measures that will assist in achieving
First, Tomsen urges the United States
and its allies not to abandon Afghanistan
e Ghani government’s
signing of the Status of Forces Agree-
ment and Bilateral Security Agreement,
with continued salary support of Afghan
national security forces, could be the rst
of these measures.
Tomsen calls for reduced U.S. pres-
ence in a lower-level anti–terrorism cam-
paign primarily run by Afghans. Here,
also, the SOFA and BSA will be helpful. In
a better world, a portion of current U.S.
and allied funding could be turned to
development assistance delivered more
by Afghans than by U.S. troops. But such
assistance is not viable in an insurgency.
e issue remains security.
Second, Pakistan must end its sup-
port for radical Islamists on both sides
of the border.
e considerable mili-
tary, development and humanitarian
assistance Islamabad has received from
the United States has had little in uence
on Pakistan’s actions. But the violence
Pakistan has fomented in Afghanistan,
long after the Soviet withdrawal and
the collapse of the PDPA, now envelops
ird, chronically divided Afghan
moderates and their followers need to
submerge long-standing ethnic and
political grievances and unite behind
national and local administrations com-
mitted to good governance.
e recent trilingual imbroglio over
election results, audit procedures, criteria
for vote disquali cations, and the roles
of the president and the chief executive
o cer could be just a new example of
these potentially disruptive grievances.
At the moment, there seems some, but
perhaps not enough, positive movement
on the latter two issues.
Analysts may judge if the United
States and its allies will nd the right mix
of steps to the idealized Afghanistan and
Pakistan of 2020.
Old Afghan hands, pre-9/11 and
those with more recent experience, will
relish a good read, and place a well-
thumbed copy of Peter Tomsen’s
in an honored place on
their bookshelves next to another book of
a similar weight, Louis DuPree’s classic,
omas H. Eighmy served as a geographer
and associate chief of party in the Ministry of
Planning for USAID’s Afghan Demographic
Survey from 1971 to 1975. As a USAID
Foreign Service o cer, he was a health,
education and regional a airs o cer in
Islamabad and Peshawar for the Cross-
Border Humanitarian Assistance Program
from 1988 to 1992, which overlapped with
Tomsen’s tour as special envoy to the Afghan
resistance. He assisted in reopening the
USAID mission in Kabul in 2002, and was
an adviser to the International Foundation
for Election Systems there in 2003.Take AFSA With You! Change your address online, visit us at www.afsa.org/ address Or Send changes to: AFSAMembership Department 2101 E Street NW Washington, DC 20037 Moving?
Only Pakistan is consistent. It uses a policy of playing
both arsonist and fireman inside Afghanistan.