THE FOREIGN SERVICE JOURNAL
ment to ending the conflict along with a
military de-escalation on the ground.
Have an Honest Talk About Europe.
U.S. policy should aim to insulate Euro-
pean allies against Russian action in the
short term, while laying the groundwork
for a stronger European security frame-
Push for More Arms Control.
Work with Russia in Asia.
flexible coalitions with major powers in
the region, including Russia, to balance
China’s growing influence for the benefit
Recognize That Syria Is About More
The Syrian crisis is urgent.
The United States must try to work with
Russia, and must be willing to discuss the
broader relationship with Russia, espe-
cially as it relates to Europe.
Show America’s Promise.
administration needs to tackle domes-
tic and global challenges in a way that
shows that the United States can lead by
—Shawn Dorman, Editor
Change Deal Reached
in KigaliO n Oct. 15, more than 170 countries — including the United States — agreed to a landmark deal in Kigali,
Rwanda, to counter climate change.
An amendment to the Montreal
Protocol, the new agreement will limit
hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) emissions,
commonly from air conditioners and
Thousands of times more potent than
carbon dioxide and, according to the
United Nations Environment Program,
the fastest growing greenhouse gas, HFCs
are especially threatening to the environ-
Under the terms of the agreement,
developed countries vowed to stop
production of HFCs by 2019; and more
than 100 developing countries (including
Brazil and China, the world’s largest pro-
ducer of carbon dioxide) agreed to peak
HFC levels by 2024, which could prevent
up to .9 degrees Fahrenheit of global
warming by the end of this century.
The Kigali agreement was reached
only days after ratification of the Paris
Agreement, which aims to limit the tem-
perature increase and improve countries’
capabilities to deal with climate change.
Despite the small physical amount
of HFCs in the atmosphere, the deal is
expected to reduce greenhouse gases by
the equivalent of 70 billion tons of carbon
There was some pushback from
countries that would benefit substantially
from increased access to air conditioning,
including India, Pakistan and some Gulf
Claire Perry of the Environmental
Investigation Agency acknowledged that
some compromises had to be made. “But
85 percent of developing countries have
committed to the early schedule starting
in 2024,” she continued, “which is a very
—Katherine Perroots, Editorial Intern
U.S. Abstains from
Cuba Embargo VoteF or the first time ever, the United States abstained from voting on a United
Nations resolution calling for an end to its
economic embargo of Cuba on Oct. 26.
The resolution, titled “Necessity of
ending the economic, commercial and
financial embargo imposed by the United
States of America against Cuba,” has been
put forward annually since 1992. And
Washington has opposed it every time.
President Barack Obama announced
the restoration of diplomatic relations