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in December 2014. Earlier this year, the

United States reopened its embassy in


Republicans in Congress have

opposed Pres. Obama’s calls for lifting the

Cuban embargo, arguing that the United

States has made too many concessions to

Cuba in exchange for too little in return,

especially on human rights matters.

Although it is only a symbolic move,

Cuba’s Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez

described the abstention

as a “positive

step for the future of improving relations

between the United States and Cuba.”

—Katherine Perroots,

Editorial Intern

Pay Parity in

Federal Jobs

A ccording to a Washington Post analy- sis of federal workers, since 2004, the

percentage of women in clerical jobs has

dropped by 9.9 percent, while the number

of women in “professional” jobs has risen

by 7.2 percent.

Women also account for a growing

portion of federal workers with advanced

degrees (a 20.5-percent increase from


For jobs in engineering, technology

and science, women enjoy near pay parity

with their male counterparts. However,

women hold one third (or fewer) of the

jobs in those fields.

Across all jobs, the longer a woman

has worked for the federal government,

the less likely she is to see pay parity with

male colleagues in the same job. Women

who have worked for more than 30 years

see a very significant pay gap with men

with the same education and job type.

A woman’s overall likelihood of earn-

ing more than a man also depends on

which agency she works in. If men and

women were evenly distributed among

federal jobs and pay ranges, it would be

expected that women would make more

than men about half the time (i.e., they

would have a 50-percent chance of earn-

ing more than a man in the same job with

the same qualifications).

However, for the Department of State,

there is only a 40.2-percent chance that a

woman will be earning more than a man

in the same job with the same level of


The Department of Homeland Secu-

rity is the closest to achieving parity, as

women working for DHS have a 47.5-per-

cent chance of being paid more than a

man with the same qualifications.

At the bottom of the list, a woman

working for the Department of the Air

Force is only 34 percent more likely to be

earning more than her male counterparts.

—Gemma Dvorak, Associate Editor

President Obama Guest






, a monthly magazine which

focuses on emerging technologies

and their effects on culture, politics and

the economy, invited President Barack

Obama to guest edit their November 2016


Centering this issue on “Frontiers,”

Pres. Obama discussed the changes in the

world since he graduated from college

in 1983 and how those, mostly positive

changes have been achieved.

Obama notes: “This kind of progress

hasn’t happened on its own. It happened

because people organized and voted for

better prospects; because leaders enacted

smart, forward-looking policies; because

people’s perspectives opened up, and

with them, societies did too.”

The U.S. president also noted that

there are still many challenges to be met,

from terrorism to climate change; and the

only way to combat this “new threat set”

is to work together to solve problems that

transcend national boundaries.

“That’s how we will overcome the chal-

lenges we face,” Obama said, “by unleash-

ing the power of all of us for all of us.”

—Gemma Dvorak, Associate Editor

Wonder Woman

Named Honorary

U.N. Ambassador


n October, the DC Comics character

Wonder Woman was named honor- ary United Nations ambassador for the empowerment of women and girls. But


coming on the heels of a failed attempt

to elect the first female secretary-general

of the United Nations, many feminists

Germany’s ties with the United States of America are deeper than with

any country outside of the European Union. Germany and America are bound

by common values—democracy, freedom, as well as respect for the rule of law

and the dignity of each and every person, regardless of their origin, skin color,

creed, gender, sexual orientation or political views. It is based on these values

that I wish to offer close cooperation, both with me personally and

between our countries’ governments.

—German Chancellor Angela Merkel, speaking to reporters about the U.S. election

results at a press conference in Berlin, Nov. 9.

Contemporary Quote